Chinese Taoist cognitive psychotherapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder in contemporary China [La psychothrapie cognitive taoste chinoise dans le traitement du trouble gnralis de l'anxit en Chine contemporaine]

Submitted by James Miller on Sun, 02/22/2009 - 13:33
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TitleChinese Taoist cognitive psychotherapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder in contemporary China [La psychothrapie cognitive taoste chinoise dans le traitement du trouble gnralis de l'anxit en Chine contemporaine]
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsZhang, Y., Young D., Lee S., Li L., Zhang H., Xiao Z., Hao W., Feng Y., Zhou H., & Chang D. F.
JournalEthnic match in mental health services
Volume39
Pagination115
Date Published2002
PublisherSage
ISBN Number1363-4615
KeywordsAnguish, China, Chinese, Comparaison, Contemporary life, Eastern Asia, Efficacit thrapeutique, English:: - Comparison, French:: - Trouble affectif, Mental health, psychotherapy, Taoism, Therapeutic effectiveness, Traditional culture, Urban environment
Abstract

Chinese Taoist cognitive psychotherapy (CTCP) combines elements of cognitive therapy and Taoist philosophy. Empirical evidence of its efficacy and mechanisms of action is lacking. The AA. compared the efficacy of CTCP, benzodiazepines (BDZ), and combined treatment in Chinese patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). In total, 143 - patients with GAD - were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: - CTCP - only, BDZ - only, or combined CTCP - and BDZ - treatment. Patients were evaluated at intake, and re-examined one and six months after treatment. The results indicated that BDZ - treatment rapidly reduced symptoms of GAD - at one month, but its effect was lost at six months. CTCP - reduced symptoms more slowly and its effect was significant after six months of treatment. Combined treatment led to acute, as well as enduring, symptom reduction. Unlike BDZ - treatment, CTCP - reduced type A - behavior, improved coping style, and decreased neuroticism. The AA. conclude that CTCP - with or without BDZ - treatment is a more effective, although slower, method for the treatment of GAD - than BDZ - for GAD - patients in urban China.