General belief in a just world and resilience: Evidence from a collectivistic culture

Submitted by James Miller on Thu, 01/05/2012 - 13:35
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TitleGeneral belief in a just world and resilience: Evidence from a collectivistic culture
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsWu, M. S., Yan X., Zhou C., Chen Y., Li J., Zhu Z., Shen X., & Han B.
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Volume25
Issue6
Pagination431-442
ISBN Number0890-2070
KeywordsAdults, Belief &amp, belief in a just world, Chinese, collectivistic, Culture, doubt, harsh realities, Life satisfaction, resilience, Survivor, Trauma
Abstract

Previous research showed that in the individualistic culture, adults endorse the personal more than the general belief in a just world (PBJW vs. GBJW). Comparatively little is known about the prevalence character and adaptive functions of GBJW, especially in the collectivistic culture. We conducted three surveys among the Chinese adults and adolescents. We found that (1) Chinese adults and adolescents endorsed more GBJW than PBJW; (2) Adult survivors with high exposure to post‐earthquake trauma and adolescents in the poverty‐stricken area maintained high GBJW, with relatively lower PBJW. (3) GBJW predicted the psychological resilience in all the three samples independent of PBJW. The results imply that in contrast to populations from the individualistic culture, people from the collectivistic culture endorse a robust GBJW, which allows them to resiliently confront harsh realities. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.