Falun Gong, the Diaspora and Chinese Identity: Fieldwork among the Practitioners in Ottawa
|Title||Falun Gong, the Diaspora and Chinese Identity: Fieldwork among the Practitioners in Ottawa|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Liu, Y. - Y. T.|
|Academic Department||ProQuest Dissertations and Theses|
|Publisher||Carleton University (Canada)|
|Keywords||0326:Cultural anthropology, 0344:Social research, 0631:Ethnic studies, SOCIAL sciences|
This research project sets out to study Falun Gong as a diaspora community, with particular interest in the theorization of diaspora identity and debates on the qualities of diaspora communities. Falun Gong first expanded rapidly during the Chinese national "qigong boom" movement in 1992 and it then clashed with the state in 1999. The Chinese government forbade their citizens from practicing it, and launched a nationwide anti-Falun Gong campaign. Overseas Falun Gong practitioners have re-established its headquarters in New York to keep their practices and beliefs alive. Not only have they successfully reconstituted their organizations "in exile," the anti-Chinese communist activities carried out by the practitioners appear to be one of the largest and persistent oppositional movements to the Chinese Communist Party. Based on six months of fieldwork with the Falun Gong practitioners in Ottawa, my ethnographic data suggests that the analytical framework for the Falun Gong immigrants cannot be delinked from Falun Gong's historical and contemporary relations with the homeland (China) and the hostland (Canada). To understand a diaspora, one must first contextualize its historical specificity and current situations with the homeland and the host societies.